Objectives of First Year Programme in English Phonetics

            This programme concentrates on both theoretical and practical aspects of phonetics. It is meant to familiarize first year students with all aspects of human speech sounds: how these sounds are produced using the different speech organs (articulatory phonetics), their physical properties while they travel in the air from speaker’s mouth to listener’s ear (acoustic phonetics), and the way they are perceived and recognized by the inner ear and the brain (auditory phonetics). The different lessons deal with how phonetic knowledge can help students to acquire correct pronunciation of RP English through the study of broad (phonemic) and narrow (phonetic) transcription of sounds, i.e., vowels & consonants.  They are also intended to enable students to learn about human speech process and points like syllable structure and word stress, which form an important part of prosodic features of speech.  Exercise activities are provided at regular intervals to ensure, consolidate and extend what has been learnt.  Finally, samples of official examinations are given; this includes different activities meant for summative and formative evaluation of what has been dealt with in phonetics during the first and second semester of the academic year.  A sample correction of an official examination is, then given as a final work for the evaluation of students’ papers.  

             Though my original views and observations crystallize in both the material and its presentation, much of the information given is derived from the numerous sources quoted in the Bibliography. All the drawings representing human speech sounds, for example, are taken from Ward’s ‘The phonetics of English’ book. The vowel diagrams, however, are taken from Gimson’s ‘An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English’.

Reading Comprehension and Written Expression is a course intended for 1st year Licence degree. It aims at developing the reading skills and writing skills, the course is divided into sub-courses that describe the entire module.

The General module is entitled Reading Comprehension and Written Expression

It contains theoretical sections as well as practical sections which are represented in reading texts, activities and tests.

The overall aims of the module of Written Expression and Reading Comprehension are:

Written Expression:


To be able to use the correct punctuation marks and capital letters.

To be able to use appropriate vocabulary.

To be able to use correct grammatical items.

To be able to write paragraphs, letters, narrative pieces, reports, etc.

To be able to make notes and summarise, paraphrase, etc.


Reading Comprehension:


To be able to understand the total content and underlying meaning in the context.

To be able to identify and understand phrase or sentence groups.

To be able to develop students’ critical thinking.

          Reading and Writing is a core module that combines two separate but complementary contents. The content of this module is a reinforcement of the content of the module of the 2nd year. Reading plays, together with other skills, a role in building students' proficiency in using the language both orally and in writing. Third year students are required to write an essay   that is grammatically sound and contains an introduction, a set of body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The thesis statement does the most work to unify these components and give them significance. In this sense, the thesis statement is the key to the mystery behind successful writing. Generally the students’ problem stems from the thesis statement. Thus, it should be given the lion’s share: more focus and time. To that end, this course approaches third year (Licence) students' writing with the understanding that the basic tool necessary to create a successful academic essay is the thesis statement.

Grammar Language Teaching is a course designed for 2nd year master degree. It is based on methodology of how to teach and what to teach grammar, the course is divided into severlal sub-courses that describe the entire module.

The General module is entitled Approches, Methods and Techniques in Grammar Language Teaching.

it Includes other courses:

        The module of writing techniques (Techniques de rédaction universitaire) is a fundamental unit of teaching that can be taught  in a relation to the module of research methodology. 

 This lesson mainly targets the importance of mastering the formal academic and scientific writing of English due to the fact that the students need to demostrate their ability to finish and polish a well-written research work; particularly their graduation dissertation. Therefore, it is crucial that the teacher introduces the characteristics of an acdemic style as well as the techniques that assist them in their realisation of their written performances.

Module: Writing Techniques 

Level: MA1

     By the end of the lesson, the students will able to practice the technique of paraphrasing that will enable them how to reformulate  authors' ideas and acknowledge them.  

I/ Reflective questions:

   a-Do you find it difficult to write in your own words? Why?

II- Paraphrasing: is when a piece of a published work is written in your own words without changing the original meaning. It is usually the same length as the original one, but different in sentence structure and words. As long as you acknowledge your source it is NOT plagiarism1.   

III- The purposes of paraphrasing

     a-It is more effective because the essay flows when you use your own words.

     b- It helps resolve the problem of over-quoting.

     c-The process of paraphrasing assists you in gaining a fuller understanding of the original text.

the students can review the technique in the booklet provided previously

The United States is the first and great powerful country in the world and its decision-making process

does not only affect the internal politics of the United States, but its foreign policy and thus, all the world

as it has the great influence in guiding and directing almost all of what is happening in the world

according to what fits and guarantees its interests . Hence, knowing the U.S. institutions that are

involved in the decision-making process helps us to discuss and analyze premises and justifications

important in the American policy decisions.